Introducing the Metals



Did you know? 75% of all Aluminium ever produced is still in use. 

  • Vehicle light weighting.
  • Beverage cans & other packaging.
  • Buildings and construction.
  • 255,000 employees in Europe’s aluminium industry.
  • 16% of world production, half from recycled sources.
  • 53% reduction in GHG emissions since 1990.
  • Over 90% of aluminium is recovered from buildings and transport, and 60% from packaging.
  • Recycling aluminium uses only 5% of the energy needed for primary production.


Did you know? Copper is the best conductor of electricity apart from silver.

  • 60% of copper is used for electrical applications; including power distribution, renewables, tele communications, transport , etc.
  • 40% of Copper is used in non-electrical applications; including air conditioning, water distribution, architecture, aquaculture.
  • 50,000 employees in Europe’s copper industry.
  • €45billion turnover per year.
  • 44% of copper EU demand comes from domestic and industrial scrap (recycled sources).
  • 60% reduction in GHG emissions achieved since 1990.
  • Up to 90% of all copper in European buildings and civil infrastructure is recycled.
  • Overall, 70% of copper in end-of-life products is recovered.
  • Recycling copper saves 85% of the energy needed for primary production.


Did you know? 99% of Europe’s lead-based car batteries are recycled at their end-of-life.

  • Lead-based batteries, for automotive and energy storage applications.
  • Lead batteries, providing emergency power for mobile phone networks and IT infrastructure.
  • Radiation protection in hospitals.
  • Globally, 11 billion tonnes of lead gets produced each year.
  • The world market for refined lead stands at $15 billion.
  • Lead has one of the highest recycling rates of all materials in common use today.
  • More than 95% of scrap lead sheet is collected and recycled – no lead goes to landfill.
  • Europe and North America have battery recycling rates of close to 100%.


Did you know? 57% of all nickel ever produced is still in use.

  • Stainless steel.
  • Sustainable building and construction.
  • Low-carbon transport.
  • Mechanical engineering.
  • Electrical and electronic equipment.
  • Roughly 13% of the global nickel output originates from European nickel producers.
  • The lifetime of nickel in building and construction is over 100 years.
  • Nickel-containing products have high corrosion resistance and are fully recyclable, allowing less maintenance and more efficiency.
  • Nickel containing products are fully recyclable at their end-of-life.
  • Nickel has a recycling efficiency of 68% globally.
  • Stainless steel products are recycled in part due to the valuable Nickel they contain.


Did you know? We all need zinc to live – a recommended 10-15 mg/day.

  • Galvanising to protect steel from corrosion in cars and other applications.
  • Bronze and Brass production.
  • Globally, 10.6 million tonnes of zinc was produced in 2015.
  • 13 zinc smelters are currently operating in Europe.
  • 33% reduction in energy intensity since 1990.
  • Zinc is recovered from residues, old roofing material and brass or steel scrap.
  • In Europe, 90% of rolled zinc is recovered and recycled at end-of-life.
  • Recycling accounts for some 25% of the metal produced globally each year.
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